What Is A Foreign Policy?

What foreign policy pursued by Peter I

Peter I began to pay more attention to foreign policy when he began to report on the most important foreign affairs of V.V. Golitsyn, who was at that time the head of the Ambassadorial Order. Since 1690, the sovereign Peter began to make extracts from the review of foreign media. Since that time, Peter I began to closely and regularly monitor foreign policy developments in Europe. In addition, attention was paid to the Mediterranean region, where the war was waged with the Ottoman Empire.

The activities of the embassy office

After the death of his mother in 1694, Peter I began to influence Russian foreign policy much more strongly. In the period from 1700 to 1717, the Embassy Office, which was personally supervised by the king, became engaged in foreign policy. In its activities, this authority resembled the Marching Foreign Office, which worked at the court of Charles XII. A feature of the office was that for this work the sovereign attracted the most outstanding and talented people of Russia.Thanks to such a clever decision of Peter I, in the first 25 years of the XVIII century, many great powers (Sweden, Turkey, France, Great Britain, Denmark) opened diplomatic missions.

Battle of Azov

One of the vital directions of the foreign policy of Russia at that time was to gain access to the sea routes, namely the Baltic, Black and Caspian seas. The test of obtaining such access was a campaign in 1965 to the Turkish-Tatar fortress called Azov. However, the first attempt was unsuccessful due to the absence of the Russian fleet. After two unsuccessful assault on the fortress, the Russians retreated. However, at that time, access to the Black Sea was unavailable due to the Kerch Strait, which the Turks owned.

Access to the Baltic Sea

In the period 1697 - 1698 Peter I contributed to the creation of an anti-Swedish union, which included Russia, the Polish-Saxon Kingdom and Denmark. When the Danes began military actions against Sweden, Russia began to negotiate peace with Turkey, while preparing the army. At that time, military reform and military training began to be actively pursued. After the signing of peace with Turkey, Russia also began to carry out active military operations against Sweden.At the end of this confrontation, which went down in history as the Northern War, the Nishtadt Peace was signed. As a result of this treaty, Russia gained access to the Baltic Sea, and favorable trade agreements were signed.

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What foreign policy pursued by Peter I

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